Year 2020
Calendar
By Month...  JAN ~ FEB ~ MAR ~ APR ~ MAY ~ JUN ~ JUL ~ AUG ~ SEP ~ OCT ~ NOV ~ DEC
±±±±±±±±±±
Year 2020
Calendar
By Tradition...
Jewish - Kabbalah
Holidays - 2020
Christian -
Ecumenical Mysticism /
Wisdom Tradition

Holidays - 2020
Unitarian Universalist
Holidays - 2020
Muslim - Sufi
Holidays - 2020
Baha'i Holidays - 2020
±±±±±±±±±±
Hindu Holidays - 2020
Jain & Sikh
Holidays - 2020
Buddhist Holidays - 2020
Taoist & Shinto
Holidays - 2020
±±±±±±±±±±
African &
Middle-Eastern
Holidays:
Ancient Egyptian,
Santeria, Zoroastrian - 2020
Native American
(Iroquois, Navajo

& Pueblo)
& Meso American
(Inca, Mayan & Aztec)
Holidays
- 2020
Pagan Holidays:
Old Religions of Europe

(Greek, Roman, Slavic,
Celtic, Anglo-Teutonic
& Norse) - 2020
±±±±±±±±±±
Deep Ecology /
Environmentalist
Dates
- 2020
Social Justice /
Human Rights /

Feminist
Dates
- 2020
Peace /
Disarmament
Dates
- 2020
±±±±±±±±±±
Solar & Lunar Cycles,
Eclipse & Helions
- 2020
Meteor Showers - 2020
Visible Planets - 2020
Astrological Periods - 2020
±±±±±±±±±±
Experiential Meditations
(for lunar cycles

throughout the year)
Empowering Meditations
Action Offerings
(to help the environment 
& further social justice)
Art as Meditation
±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±
You are viewing the 2020 calendar. View a different year. Return home.

 

2020 Jewish - Kabbalah Holidays

* 1/1: World Peace Day--Day to meditate for peace throughout the world. [Universal Hour of Peace: 7:00-8:00 a.m. EST.]

* 1/4: Day ethnic discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1969); day to mourn all manifestations of racism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: signed/adopted 3/7/1966; entered into force 1/4/1969.]

* 1/7: Beginning of 3 days of Islamic terrorists attacks, killing 17 people at the office of Charlie Hebdo magazine, at a Jewish market, and elsewhere in/near Paris, France (2015). [A Muslim police officer was among those who were killed at the office, and a Muslim man secreted patrons at the market to protect them.] [Following the attacks, Muslim governments and organizations condemned the attacks. Also following the attacks, 50+ anti-Muslim incidents occurred in France.] [While 4 Muslims participated in these attacks, and while some Muslims have participated in and supported other acts of Islamic terrorism, most Muslims are horrified by such acts done in the name of their religion. It is immoral to hold all Muslims responsible for the acts of a few.] [It is moral and laudable to condemn those who commit evil acts, including killings, torture, persecution, and discrimination. However, using "freedom of speech" as a justification for inciting hatred or violence against all Muslims (or Jews or Christians), or for bullying Muslims (or Jews or Christians) by ridiculing non-harmful aspects of their religion or culture, particularly when they are a disempowered minority group in one's country, is immoral, even if it is legal. Though legally-protected speech should not be censored or the source punished, when such incitement or bullying occurs, all moral people should use "freedom of speech" to reveal the hate speech for what it is and publicly condemn it. But regardless of the provocation, violence against noncombatants is illegal and immoral.]

* 1/12: Day genocide was outlawed world-wide (1951); day to mourn all victims of genocide. [Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: signed/adopted 12/9/1948; entered into force 1/12/1951.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should condemn all past genocides and, to prevent future genocides, should demand an end to persecution on account of any nationality, ethnicity, "race" or religion.]

* 1/19: World Religions Day--Day to contemplate all religions as different paths to the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 1/26 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat, Rosh Chodesh Shivat, Rosh Chodesh Shivath, Rosh Chodesh Shevat, beginning of the Jewish month of Shevat]

* 2/1 to 2/29: Ethnic Equality Month--Time to honor all peoples and their positive traditions; time to meditate on the equality of all peoples, on the respect due to them, and on God-Goddess manifesting as African, Asian, Oceanic, Middle Eastern, European, Hispanic, and Native American. [Expands idea of African-American History Month a/k/a Black History Month.]

* 2/3: Day B'Tselem was founded to raise consciousness about the plight of Palestinians in the Occupied Territories (1989). [B'Tselem (the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories) is an organization that seeks to change Israeli policy in the Occupied Territories by confronting the Israeli government and people with accurate information about human rights abuses and injustices perpetrated by Israelis on residents in the Occupied Territories.]

* 2/9 eve to 2/10 eve: Tu B'Shevat--Jewish Festival of Trees, celebrated with tree plantings and orchard blessings. [Tu B'Shevat is the new year for purposes of calculating the age of trees for tithing. Tree fruit is not to be eaten until the tree is five years' old.] [a/k/a Tu B'Sh'vat, Tu B'Shivat, Tu B'Shivath, Tu Bi Shevat] [Shevat 15]

* 2/18: Nazi Resistance Day--Day to honor those who resisted Adolph Hitler's Nazi government during World War II. Members of the resistance attempted coups, rescued Jews, committed sabotage, encouraged work slow-downs, published anti-Nazi leaflets and newspapers, and conveyed information to the Allies. [The Nazis (aided by European collaborators) committed genocide, and invaded and occupied most of Europe and North Africa. Despite brainwashing of the population and execution of political dissidents, there were resistance movements (both organized and unorganized) in Germany and in all of the occupied countries. They were particularly active in Yugoslavia, Poland, France, Norway, Greece, and the Netherlands.] [2/18/1943 was the day leaders of the White Rose, Hans and Sophie Scholl, were arrested for distributing leaflets at the University of Munich that advocated active opposition to the Nazi regime. Both were executed four days later.] [Though many Germans supported the Nazis, some Germans gave their lives in resistance. As did other Europeans. And virtually all Germans (and Europeans) alive today disapprove of the Nazis' actions. While it is appropriate to expect atonement from the German government, it is immoral to blame all Germans (or Europeans) today for the evil committed by the Nazis in the past.]

* 2/24 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Adar, beginning of the Jewish month of Adar]

* 3/1: Day the production and use of landmines was outlawed world-wide (1999); day to mourn their victims. [Protocol on Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps, and Other Devices a/k/a Convention on Landmines a/k/a Mine Ban Treaty, amending the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects: Treaty signed/adopted 10/10/1980; entered into force 12/2/1983; Protocol signed 12/3/1997; entered into force 3/1/1999.] [Israel is still laying landmines. Israel and the U.S. have not ratified the Protocol.] [Landmines maim and kill civilians, including children. Those that survive endure a lifetime of hardship.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should renounce the production and use of landmines, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing landmines.]

* 3/1 to 3/31: Gender Equality Month--Time to honor both genders; time to meditate on the equality of women and men, on the respect due to both women and men, and on Goddess-God manifesting as woman and man. [Expands idea of Women's History Month.]

* 3/8: International Women's Day--Day to mourn victims of gender-based oppression and misogyny (past and present), make peace, and celebrate women's empowerment.

* 3/8 eve to 3/10 eve: Jewish fast of Esther and fest of Purim--Recalls a planned massacre of Persian Jews and their deliverance by Queen Esther; time for helping those in need. [The Book of Esther/The Megillah is read and acted out.] [Fast of Esther a/k/a Ta'anis Esther, Ta'anit Esther, Feast of Lots] [Adar 13-14]

* 3/12: Day Pope John Paul II, in the name of the Catholic Church, asked Deity's forgiveness and apologized: to Christians of other denominations for intolerance to them, to Jews for anti-Semitism, to peoples of all non-Christian religions for intolerance and contempt for their religious traditions, to women for their humiliation and marginalization, and to the poor and the powerless for indifference to them (2000). [On the first Sunday in Lent in the Jubilee Year, as a part of the liturgy of the Mass inside St. Peter's Basilica, at the Vatican, Pope John Paul II made this public confession with the aid of seven cardinals and bishops.] [While the Catholic Church instigated the Crusades, forcibly converted non-Christians, and killed Christian dissidents, ordinary Catholics at the time had no say in it. Nor did any Christian alive today. While it is appropriate to expect atonement from the Catholic Church, it is immoral to blame all Catholics/Christians for past abuses committed by the Church.]

* 3/16: Day Pope John Paul II expressed remorse for the failure of Christians to prevent the murder of six million Jews during World War II (1998). [This was expressed in "We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah".] [Pope Pius XII, who became Pope in 1939, was silent about the Nazi persecution of Jews, other than a 1942 Christmas message that acknowledged that "hundreds of thousands of persons...because of nationality or race, have been consigned to death".] [However, Pope John Paul II planned to beatify Pope Pius XII, until protests dissuaded him. And, in spite of protests, on 9/3/2000, he beatified anti-Semitic Pope Pius IX (who, on 7/14/1555, revoked Jews' previously-recognized rights and required Jews to live in a walled ghetto).]

* 3/18: Day the first bat mitzvah occurred - in Reconstructionist Judaism (1922). [In order to mark her religious coming-of-age, Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan had his daughter, Judith Kaplan, read the Torah and recite the blessings before the congregation. He wanted to recognize the equality of Jewish girls to boys, to recognize girls' obligation to fulfill the commandments, and to encourage girls to study the Torah. Bat mitzvahs are now universally practiced in Reconstructionist Judaism, Reform Judaism, and Conservative Judaism. Some congregations of Orthodox Judaism also conduct them.]

* 3/21: World Forest Day--Day to celebrate the complex living community of trees, plants, birds, and mammals that live in forests world-wide; day to give thanks for forests for cleaning the air of pollution. [Forest once covered 50% of the world. Today, forest covers only 30% of the world. Since 1600, 90% of the original forests that once covered the lower 48 states of the U.S. has been cleared away. Most deforestation of North America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia occurred before 2000 and has stabilized. Deforestation continues to accelerate in South America and Africa. The rate of world deforestation averaged 5.2 million hectares per year between 2000 and 2010.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should demand an end to deforestation, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of the world's forests.] [a/k/a World Forestry Day]

* 3/25 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Nisan, beginning of the Jewish month of Nisan]

* 3/26: Day production and use of biological weapons was outlawed world-wide (1975); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction a/k/a Biological Weapons Convention: signed 4/10/1972; entered into force 3/26/1975.] [Israel is believed to currently have a biological weapons program in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. Israel has not ratified the Treaty. In 2003, Syria proposed making the Middle East a region free of all weapons of mass destruction, but no commitments have been made to bring that about.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of biological weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.]

* 3/29: Birthday of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise (1819), who founded Reform Judaism in 1873. He advocated reforms in the service, including family pews, a mixed choir, and counting women in forming a minyan (religious quorum). [Death day 3/26/1900] [Reform Judaism affirms personal autonomy and the fundamental right of the individual to determine beliefs and practices. It is committed to social justice and inclusion of women equally with men.]

* 4/1: Day that same-sex marriage was first legally recognized (2001). [The first countries to legalize same-sex marriage were: Netherlands (2001), Belgium (2003), Spain (2005), Canada (2005), South Africa (2006), Norway (2009), Sweden (2009), Portugal (2010), Iceland (2010), Argentina (2010), Mexico (Mexico City marriages are recognized throughout Mexico) (2010), Denmark (2012), Brazil (2013), France (2013), Uruguay (2013), New Zealand (2013), the U.K. (except Northern Ireland) (2014), Luxembourg (2015), and Ireland (2015). The first U.S. states to legalize same-sex marriage were: Massachusetts (2004), Connecticut (2008), Iowa (2009), Vermont (2009), New Hampshire (2010), Washington, D.C. (2010), New York (2011), Washington (2012), Maine (2012), California (2008/2013), Maryland (2013), Delaware (2013), Minnesota (2013), Rhode Island (2013), New Jersey (2013), Hawaii (2013), New Mexico (2013), and Utah (2013). Thereafter, some states legalized same-sex marriage through court orders finding the state bans on same-sex marriage unconstitutional. The remaining states were forced to legalize same-sex marriage on 6/26/2015, when the Supreme Court recognized that the right to marry is a fundamental right inherent in the liberty of the person, and that same-sex couples cannot be deprived of that right.] [Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. _ (2015)] [The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), enacted in 1996, banned same-sex marriage under federal law and allowed states to not recognize same-sex marriages contracted elsewhere. However, the Supreme Court struck down DOMA on 6/26/2013, finding that barring tax benefits to a surviving lesbian spouse violated the spouse's equal protection and liberty interests under the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.] [United States v. Windsor, 570 U.S. _ (2013)] [Some countries have long recognized same-sex civil unions or domestic partnerships instead.] [Congregations of Reconstructionist Judaism and Reform Judaism perform same-sex marriage ceremonies. Some congregations of Conservative Judaism also perform same-sex marriage ceremonies.]

* 4/7: World Health Day--Day to pray for healing of all those chronically and seriously ill; day to advocate for adequate health care for all. [Day the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) was founded in 1948.]

* 4/8 eve to 4/16 eve: Passover/Pesach--Jewish festival recalling their deliverance from slavery in Egypt and celebrating freedom from oppression. [Observed with dietary restrictions, the seder meal (representing their hardships), and recitation of the Haggadah (relating the Exodus).] [Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews celebrate 7 days instead of 8 days; the first and last days are holy.] [Passover Truce: Time to cease all forms of conflict (at least temporarily), extend a greeting to your adversary, and share a seder for peace.] [a/k/a Pesah, Feast of Unleavened Bread] [Nisan 15-22]

* 4/12: Day the first woman was ordained a rabbi in Orthodox Judaism (2006). [Rabbi Haviva Ner-David]

* 4/21: Holocaust Remembrance Day--Day to mourn Jewish victims of genocide and anti- Semitism, make peace, and celebrate empowerment of Jewish Americans -- and Jews everywhere. [Motivated by ethnic nationalism, the Nazi government attempted to rid Germany and other areas under its control of "non-Aryan races". 6 million Jews were killed by the Nazis because of their ethnicity and religion. Another 5 million Slavs and Roma were also killed because of their ethnicity.] [Defining a country by its ethnicity or religion is contrary to international law. Using mass deportations or systematic murder to rid a country of another ethnic or religious group is also contrary to international law. It is also immoral, regardless of whether it is committed by or against Christians, Jews, Muslims, or another religious group.] [a/k/a Yom Hashoa, Yom Hashoah, Yom HaShoah] [Nisan 27]

* 4/22: Earth Day--Day to honor the Earth and to meditate on Deity manifesting as Mother Earth. [a/k/a International Earth Day, National Earth Day]

* 4/22: Day the world's nations guaranteed asylum to those persecuted in their homelands on account of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group (1954). [Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: signed 7/28/1951; entered into force 4/22/1954.]

* 4/23 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Iyyar, beginning of the Jewish month of Iyyar]

* 4/28: Birthday of Oskar Schindler (1908), who protected 1200 Jews during the Nazi occupation of Poland by employing them in his factory and convincing the Nazis that they were necessary for the war effort. [Death day 10/9/1974] [Many Germans and other Europeans in Nazi-occupied countries risked their lives to protect Jews by hiding them or transporting them out of Nazi-occupied territory.]

* 4/29: Day production and use of chemical weapons was outlawed world-wide (1997); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons a/k/a Chemical Weapons Convention: signed 1/13/1993; entered into force 4/29/1997.] [Israel is believed to currently possess chemical weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. Israel has not ratified the Treaty. The U.S. is currently in the process of destroying its chemical weapons in compliance with the Treaty. In 2003, Syria proposed making the Middle East a region free of all weapons of mass destruction, but no commitments have been made to bring that about.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of chemical weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [a/k/a Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare]

* 5/7: National Day of Prayer--Day to pray for freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and separation of religion and government throughout the world.

* 5/9: Day the world's nations committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are causing climate change (1992); day to mourn the failure to reduce these emissions. [Due to these emissions, the planet has already started to experience the impacts of climate change: increased extremes of summer dryness (heat waves, droughts, and wildfires) and winter wetness (flooding); an increase in extreme weather (hurricanes and tornados); an increase of sea level (loss of coastline and loss of fresh water); a decrease in glaciers and polar ice caps; an increase in volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; loss of human habitat; loss of food availability (increase in food costs); and loss of plant and animal species (on land, in the oceans, and on the ice caps).] [Framework Convention on Climate Change: adopted 5/9/1992; signed 6/4/1992; entered into force 3/21/1994.] [The Kyoto Protocol, which includes mandatory reduction goals, was adopted by 180 nations 12/11/1997, signed 3/16/1998, and entered into force 2/16/2005.] [The U.S. has refused to ratify the Protocol. Total U.S. emissions have increased by 11% from 1990 to 2010. They have been increasing at an average annual rate of .5%. The U.S. is the biggest polluter on the planet. 25% of the planet's carbon dioxide emissions is emitted by the U.S.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should demand universal observance of practices that effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.]

* 5/12: Day the first woman was ordained a rabbi in Conservative Judaism (1985). [Rabbi Amy Eilberg]

* 5/14 (Obs. 4/29): Israel's Independence Day (1948). [The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel of 5/14/1948 asserts that Israel: "will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions; and it will be faithful to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations." The Declaration also promises the Arabs living there "full and equal citizenship". But the Declaration also declares Israel to be a "Jewish state".]

* 5/19: Day the first woman was ordained a rabbi in Reconstructionist Judaism (1974). [Rabbi Sandy Eisenberg Sasso]

* 5/22: Biological Diversity Day--Day to recognize that the survival of humanity is dependent on the survival of the many diverse species on the Earth: The extinction of other species will bring about our own extinction. [There has been a 40% loss of species between 1970 and 2000 due to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution. Our unsustainable consumption exceeds the biological capacity of the Earth by about 20%.] [And see the Convention on Biological Diversity: signed 6/5/1992; entered into force 12/29/1993.] [The Convention on Biological Diversity was contracted to ensure conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should demand universal observance of practices that effectively preserve all species of life, and should demand an end to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution of all kinds.] [a/k/a International Day for Biological Diversity, World Biological Diversity Day, Biodiversity Day]

* 5/23 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Sivan, beginning of the Jewish month of Sivan]

* 5/24: Remembrance day for Moses de Leon (1240-1305), Kabbalistic mystic. He compiled the Zohar, a Kabbalistic commentary on the Torah. [Kabbalists conceive of the boundless and formless Deity as Ein Soph, whose emanations constitute the Tree of Life (11 Divine Sephiroth). Kabbalists recognize Elohim, the primary name of Deity in the Torah, to be the first unfolding of Ein Soph at the beginning of Creation. "Elohim" is a masculine plural of a feminine Hebrew word that refers to a singular complex gender-inclusive Deity. It does not signify a plurality of Gods and Goddesses. Another name for Elohim in the Torah is the unutterable YHVH, made up of the four Hebrew letters Yod-Heh-Vau-Heh. These letters signify to Kabbalists four elements of the singular Deity: Father, Mother, Son & Daughter. They are referred to as the Tetragrammatan.] [a/k/a Moshe ben Shem-Tov] [birthday & death day unknown] [Sivan 1]

* 5/28 eve to 5/30 eve: Shavuot/Feast of First Fruits--Jewish festival of thanksgiving for the first fruits of the grain harvest. Originally, loaves of bread were offered to Elohim. Also commemorates Moses' receipt of the Ten Commandments. [Moses identified Nehushtan with the Lord Adonai. Nehushtan was worshipped with Asherah. The serpents and trees that symbolized Nehushtan and Asherah were destroyed by King Hezekiah in 7th C BCE. See Numbers/Bamidbar 21:5-9; 2 Kings/Melachim 18:4.] [Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews celebrate 1 day instead of 2 days.] [a/k/a Shavuoth, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Harvest, Hebrew Pentecost] [Sivan 6-7]

* 6/3: Day the first woman was ordained a rabbi in Reform Judaism (1972). [Rabbi Sally Priesand]

* 6/8: World Oceans Day--Day to recognize the world's dependence on the oceans for food and medicine; day to advocate for the sustainable management of all ocean resources and for an end to the pollution of the oceans with toxins and trash. [Fish stocks have collapsed in almost one-third of all ocean fisheries. The rate of decline is accelerating and total loss of fisheries could occur by mid-century. Fishery decline is caused by overfishing the stock, the loss of marine biodiversity associated with the stock, pollution, and climate change. Establishing core protected areas for each surviving stock and preventing the stock from being fished above the maximum sustainable yield are crucial for its survival.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should demand an end to pollution of the oceans, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of ocean fisheries.]

* 6/11: Birthday of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan (1881), founder of Reconstructionist Judaism. He perceived Deity to be a genderless Cosmic Force of Nature, and promoted a Judaism that recognizes gender equality and rejects violence and social injustice. [Death day 11/8/1983] [Reconstructionist Judaism values personal autonomy and democratic decision-making as well as religious law and tradition. It embraces science and diverse views of Deity. It exhorts Jews to work for progressive ethical and social evolution in Judaism and society.]

* 6/21 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Tamuz, beginning of the Jewish month of Tamuz]

* 6/26: Day torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment were outlawed world-wide (1987); day to mourn their continued existence. [Torture is an illegal, immoral, and ineffective means of interrogation and punishment. All officials have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to commit torture and to prevent it from occurring. Anyone who attempts, conspires, or commits torture is legally culpable. All acts of torture should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished. Neither war nor civil strife nor emergency justifies torture.] [Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment: adopted 12/10/1984; signed 2/4/1985; entered into force 6/26/1987.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should condemn torture, and should demand an end to the use of torture - of anyone for any purpose.] [a/k/a International Day in Support of Victims of Torture]

* 7/1: Day the world's nations committed to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968); vigil to protest the production and use of all nuclear weapons world-wide. [Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: signed 7/1/1968; entered into force 3/5/1970.] [The U.S. used 2 atomic bombs on Japan in 8/1945: over 270,000 civilians died from the bombs and radiation. The original nuclear powers have failed to destroy their nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's requirement that they work towards disarmament. Israel has developed nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition; Israel has not ratified the Treaty. 9 countries are known to currently possess nuclear weapons, and other countries (including Iran) are believed to be attempting to develop or acquire them. In 2003, Syria proposed making the Middle East a region free of all weapons of mass destruction, but no commitments have been made by Israel, Iran, or Syria to make the Middle East a nuclear-free zone.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of nuclear weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.]

* 7/1: Day endangered species became internationally protected (1975); day to celebrate all the world's creatures. [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora a/k/a C.I.T.E.S.: signed/adopted 3/3/1973; entered into force 7/1/1975.]

* 7/2: Day discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, and religion was prohibited in public accommodations, employment, and education (1964). [The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.] [Pub. L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241, 42 U.S.C. 2000a et seq.]

* 7/10: Day the World Union for Progressive Judaism was founded (1926). It was formed to promote progressive values within Judaism, including modernism, pluralism, equality, and social justice, and to serve Reform, Reconstructionist, and Liberal Jews around the world. [Its headquarters was moved from the U.K. to Israel in 1973, enabling it to found Progressive Jewish congregations, kibbutzim, and settlements there.]

* 7/21 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Av, beginning of the Jewish month of Av]

* 7/29 eve to 7/30 eve: Tish'a B'Av--Jewish fast day mourning the destruction of the Temples in Jerusalem dedicated to Elohim. [The Talmud asserts that the Lord Adonai (the Holy One, Blessed be He), and the Shekhinah (Elohim's feminine manifestation) resided in the first Temple. Kabbalists believe Adonai and the Shekhinah became estranged with the destruction of the Temple. Kabbalists recite prayers and perform holy acts to reunite Them.] [a/k/a Tishah B'Av, Fast of the 9th Day of Av] [Av 9]

* 8/1: Day the production and use of cluster munitions was outlawed world-wide (2010); day to mourn their victims. [The Convention on Cluster Munitions a/k/a C.C.M.: Treaty adopted 5/30/2008, signed 12/3/2008; entered into force 8/1/2010.] [The treaty was opposed by countries that produce or stockpile significant quantities of cluster munitions, including the U.S. and Israel.] [Cluster bombs disperse smaller bomblets over a wide area. They are inherently inaccurate, making civilian casualties more likely. Unexploded cluster bombs remain a life-threatening hazard for civilians long after conflict ends.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should renounce the production and use of cluster munitions, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing cluster munitions.]

* 8/2: Day the Israeli Supreme Court ordered the removal of one of many illegal Jewish settlements on Palestinian private property in the Israeli-occupied West Bank (2011). The Migron settlement was disputed since it was first built in 1999. It was moved a short distance in 2012. [In the West Bank, there are 102 unauthorized settlements and 121 settlements authorized by the Israeli government, housing more than 380,000 Jewish settlers. 80 were built on the private property of Palestinians. All are illegal under international law.]

* 8/5: Death day of Rabbi Isaac Luria (1572), Kabbalistic mystic. He taught of the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Ein Soph, the unknowable infinite being that created the Universe. Because the Shekhinah has become separated from Ein Soph, there is chaos and injustice in the world. But the Shekhinah will restore cosmic order with the reunification of the Godhead. [Born 1534: exact date unknown]

* 8/17: Birthday of Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi (1924), founder of the Jewish Renewal Movement. [Rabbi Schachter-Shalomi broke with the Lubavitcher Hasidic sect of Ultra-Orthodox Judaism to found the Jewish Renewal Movement in 1969. The Jewish Renewal Movement seeks to fully embrace modernism, egalitarianism, environmentalism, pacifism, and deep ecumenism. It incorporates Kabbalistic and Hasidic theology and practices, traditional prayer, meditation, joyous chant, and ecstatic dance. Both personal spiritual practice and social action are emphasized.]

* 8/19 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Elul, beginning of the Jewish month of Elul]

* 8/19 eve to 9/18 eve: Elul--Jewish month of self-reflection, peace-making, and renewal. [Jews ask for, and grant, forgiveness for harm done.] [Elul-Rosh Hashanah Truce (through Yom Kippur): Time to cease all forms of conflict (at least temporarily), extend a greeting to your adversary, and break bread together for peace.] [During Elul, Jews also visit cemeteries and remember their ancestors.]

* 8/27: Birthday of Rabbi Yisrael Ben Eliezer (Israel Baal Shem Tov) (1698), Kabbalistic mystic and founder of Hasidic Judaism. He believed that the whole Universe and all things are manifestations of Deity and that nothing can be separated from Deity. [Because of the Divine within, he believed all are inherently good. He rejected asceticism, embracing joy from the sense of oneness with the Divine, and emphasized service to Deity out of love, not fear.] [Death day 5/22/1760] [a/k/a Yisroel Ben Eliezer, Baal Shem Tov (Master of the Good Name), the holy Baal Shem, and the Besht]

* 8/28: Opening of the Second World Parliament of Religions (1993), attended by members of all the world's religions. A Global Ethic was adopted that condemns hatred, aggression, oppression, and environmental abuses committed in the name of religion.

* 9/3: Day gender discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1981); day to mourn all manifestations of sexism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: adopted by U.N. General Assembly 12/18/1979; signed 3/1/1980; entered into force 9/3/1981.]

* 9/13: Day Israelis and Palestinians committed to peaceful coexistence (1993); vigil for true peace, justice, religious tolerance, and human rights for all in the Middle East. [Declaration of Principles was signed by Israel & the P.L.O. on 9/13/1993.]

* 9/15: International Day of Democracy--Day to celebrate democratic systems of government throughout the world, bound by rule of law, principles of human rights, and civilian control. Day to affirm democracy's compatibility with all peoples, all cultures, and all religions. [In a democracy, both military and police are subject to rule of law and subordinate to civilian government. The military exists to protect the lawful civilian government and civilians; the police exists to enforce the law and protect people from criminals.] [a/k/a Democracy Day]

* 9/18 eve to 9/20 eve: Rosh Hashanah/Jewish New Year (Year 5781)--Commemorates Creation of the World by Elohim, the one universal Deity; begins ten days of self-examination and penitence for harm done. [This signifies day five of Creation, when humans were created.] [On Rosh Hashanah, everyone is judged by Elohim based on his or her actions during the previous year. The resulting judgment is inscribed, and everyone's future is determined for the following year. Though that judgment is inscribed, it is not yet sealed and can still be changed until Yom Kippur, when the book is sealed for the year. Regret for past misdeeds, commitment to future good deeds, prayer, and charity can change a bad decree. The shofar is blown to mark the new year and the beginning of the ten Days of Penitence.] [See Psalm/Tehillim 106:3: "Happy are those who act justly, who do right at all times" and Psalm/Tehillim 119: "Happy are those who keep the judgments, and practice righteousness at all times".] [Rosh Hashanah a/k/a Rosh Hashana, Rosh HaShanah; Days of Penitence a/k/a Days of Repentance, Days of Awe, High Holy Days, Aseret Yemei Teshuva, Yamim Noraim] [Tishri 1-2]

* 9/21: International Day of Peace--Day to demonstrate for peace with justice throughout the world. [Peace can be realized where there is recognition of sovereignty/autonomy, compliance with just law, respectful behavior, responsible sharing of resources, cooperation to attain common goals, and reasonable compromise to enable all to meet lawful goals.]

* 9/27 eve to 9/28 eve: Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement--Jewish day of fasting, prayer, reconciliation, making reparation for harm done, and helping those in need. [The shofar is blown to mark the end of the ten Days of Penitence.] [Tishri 10]

* 10/2 eve to 10/9 eve: Sukkot/Feast of Ingathering--Jewish thanksgiving for the fruit harvest. Originally, a dance procession was made to vineyards and wine was offered to Elohim. Also commemorates the years in the wilderness after leaving Egypt. [Temporary dwellings are built, in which Jews eat, sleep, and pray during the festival, to remind them of the Shekhinah, the Divine Presence, who protected them in the wilderness. A prayer for world peace is recited.] [a/k/a Sukkoth, Feast of Tabernacles] [Tishri 15-21]

* 10/9 eve to 10/10 eve: Shemini Atzeret/Feast of Assembly--Jewish festival of praise and thanksgiving for life-giving rain. [a/k/a Shemini Atsereth, Shemini Atseret] [Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews celebrate Simchat Torah on the same day as Shemini Atzeret and call it Atzeret-Simchat Torah or Atzeret Ha-Torah.] [Tishri 22]

* 10/10 eve to 10/11 eve: Simchat Torah/Rejoicing with the Torah--Jewish festival celebrating the Torah. [Simchat Torah marks the end of the annual cycle of congregational Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. The ark is opened, and Torah scrolls are carried around the synagogue seven times, accompanied by singing and dancing.] [a/k/a Simhat Torah, Simhath Torah] [Tishri 23]

* 10/17 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, beginning of the Jewish month of Cheshvan]

* 10/18: Day the Clean Water Act was enacted (1972); day to give thanks for the water we drink. [Pub. L. 92-500, 86 Stat. 896, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.]

* 10/21: Day military attacks on civilians were outlawed world-wide (1950); day to mourn all civilian victims of war. [All soldiers have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to attack a noncombatant. Anyone who plans, orders, or carries out such an act is legally culpable. All attacks on noncombatants should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished.] [Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War a/k/a Fourth Geneva Convention: signed 8/12/1949; entered into force 10/21/1950.] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should condemn all attacks on noncombatants, and should demand an end to them.]

* 10/27: Day to mourn the continuing violence perpetrated against Jewish-Americans by anti- Semites. [On 10/27/2018, anti-Semite Robert Bowers shot and killed 11 worshippers during a Shabbat prayer service at the Tree of Life Synagogue, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Bowers espoused hatred for Jews. He used 3 firearms, including a semi-automatic rifle, a military weapon that has no legal civilian use.]

* 11/6: World Community Day--Day for celebrating the unity behind diversity and remembering we are all one people - all children of the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 11/9 eve: Krystallnacht--Night of the Nazi attacks on Jewish homes, synagogues, and shops in Germany, beginning the persecution that would end with the deaths of six million Jews (1938); night for meditating on the evil of all religion-based hatred.

* 11/16: Tolerance Day--Day to promote harmony in diversity through mutual respect and understanding of all, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, nationality, or economic status. [Despite international and domestic laws providing for equal rights, freedoms, and protections, members of minority groups are still harassed and discriminated against because of societal intolerance arising from fear and ignorance.] [Intolerance often results from projection of "collective guilt": it is immoral to blame an entire group for the acts of a member unless the entire group empowered the member who acted or endorsed the acts.] [a/k/a International Day for Tolerance]

* 11/16 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Kislev, beginning of the Jewish month of Kislev]

* 11/19: Fast for an Abundant World Harvest--Day to fast and commit to action to help prevent deaths from malnourishment world-wide. [a/k/a Fast for a World Harvest]

* 11/26: Thanksgiving Day--Day to give thanks for the abundance of our land and for our food, clothes, shelter, and health.

* 11/29: International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People--Vigil for recognition of the state of Palestine, for recognition of all human rights of all its citizens (whether Muslim, Jewish, or Christian), and for peaceful coexistence with the state of Israel. [The Palestinian Authority formally requested full membership in the U.N. -- and recognition of statehood -- on 9/23/2011.]

* 12/1: World AIDS Day--Day to pray for healing of all those suffering with AIDS and HIV.

* 12/10: Day the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, and fundamental rights were recognized world-wide (1948). [The U.N. General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (U.D.H.R.) in Resolution 217 A(III).] [In the name of Elohim/HaShem, and for love of Elohim/HaShem, Jews should demand universal observance of all rights enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - for all people.] [a/k/a International Human Rights Day]

* 12/10: Day the Catholic Church prohibited Catholics from attempting to convert Jews, concluding it is "theologically unquestionable" that Jews have been granted salvation by God without belief in Jesus (2015). Jews are to be considered the elder brothers and sisters of Christians. Catholics (and other Christians) should respect their religion and fight their persecution. [Up until modern times, Jews were persecuted by Catholics (and other Christians) in Europe. One aspect of the persecution was their forced conversion to Christianity.] [See "The Gifts and Calling of God are irrevocable: a Reflection on Theological Questions Pertaining to Catholic-Jewish Relations on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of Nostra Aetate' (No.4)" issued by the Vatican's Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews.]

* 12/10 eve to 12/18 eve: Hanukkah/Festival of Lights--Jewish festival commemorating a victory in their struggle for religious freedom and rededication of the second Temple in Jerusalem to Elohim. Menorah candles are lit. [Though there was only enough oil for one day at the rededication, it miraculously burned for eight days.] [a/k/a Chanukah, Channukah] [Kislev 25- Tevet 2]

* 12/15: Day the Bill of Rights became part of the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing fundamental rights to all (1791). [a/k/a Bill of Rights Day]

* 12/15 eve: Rosh Chodesh--Jewish women gather to worship the Shekhinah, the feminine manifestation of Elohim, the one universal Deity; and to pray and act for peace, social justice, and environmental healing, to bring about Tikkun Olam (reparation of the world and reunification of the Divine). [The shofar is blown and a candle is lit to mark the new month. Some also recite the Kiddush Levana (Sanctification of the New Moon) outside under the Moon.] [a/k/a Rosh Chodesh Tevet, beginning of the Jewish month of Tevet]

* 12/17: Day the Clean Air Act was enacted (1963); day to give thanks for the air we breathe. [Pub. L. 88-206, 77 Stat. 392, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.]

* 12/22: Birthday of Lily Montagu (1873), who co-founded Liberal Judaism in the U.K. in 1902. She was the first Jewish woman to serve as lay minister, both officiating and preaching. [Death day 1/22/1963] [She advocated reforms in the service, including use of English as well as Hebrew, use of musical instruments, and allowing men and women to sit together. Liberal Judaism stresses ethical conduct above ritual observance, affirms each individual's freedom to act in accordance with conscience, and recognizes the full equality and participation of men and women.]

* 12/27: Day multiple Jewish denominations, human rights groups, and the Israeli government objected to an Ultra-Orthodox Jewish group's attempts to impose gender segregation and "modest dress" on women on public buses and city streets (2011). Day to mourn all religious mandates that undermine women's autonomy; day to condemn the abuse of women who refuse to comply with them.

* 12/28: Day the Endangered Species Act was enacted (1973); day to mourn those creatures already extinct. [Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

[The Jewish holy scripture is the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), which includes the Torah (Law), the Neb'im (Prophets), and Kethubim (Writings). Another holy book that reflects Jewish oral tradition is the Talmud. Jews believe that Deity is a unity, but recognize that Deity has many attributes. The Jewish Sabbath (Shabbat) is from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown. On the Sabbath, Jews attend temples or synagogues to hear readings from the Torah. Jews also abstain from labor and use this time for prayer and study of the Torah. Home rituals are also performed. The Four Covenants with YHVH/Elohim are a foundation of Judaism. Jews follow the Ten Commandments. Beliefs, ritual practice, and the length of Jewish holidays vary between Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism, Reconstructionist Judaism, Liberal Judaism, Progressive Judaism, and Humanistic Judaism. The Kabbalah (also known as Kabbalism) is the mysticism of Judaism.]

[The Jewish calendar (also known as the Hebrew calendar) year is a lunisolar year. In order to harmonize the lunar months with the solar year, some years (ordinary years) have 12 months, while other years (leap years) have 13 months. The Jewish year and Jewish months begin at, or one day after, the New Moon. Jewish days begin and end at sundown. This Jewish calendar includes all days observed by any Jewish denomination for that holiday. It also includes dates commemorating the lives and teachings of Jewish mystics.]

[Please note: Because this calendar is a multifaith calendar, the term "God" is used only when referring to a male deity. The term "Deity" is used to refer to the Universal gender-neutral Deity that encompasses both male and female characteristics and all Gods and Goddesses.]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

About the Feminine Aspect of Deity...

Biblical & Apocryphal Sources:
The Suppression of Asherah
The Feminine Holy Spirit
Eloah/Hokhma/Shekhinah/Ruach/Holy Spirit as Supernal Co-Creatrix
Eloah/Hokhma/Shekhinah/Ruach/Holy Spirit as Life & Bounty
Eloah/Hokhma/Shekhinah/Ruach/Holy Spirit as Wisdom & Understanding
Eloah/Hokhma/Shekhinah/Ruach/Holy Spirit as Justice & Mercy

Non-Biblical Sources:
The Lord & The Shekhinah
The Tetragrammatan: YHVH/Yod-Heh-Vau-Heh
The Matronit/Maggid
The Kabbalistic Tree of Life

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Permission to use and distribute these excerpts is granted for non-commercial purposes, provided the following information is included:

Excerpted from
THE MYSTIC'S WHEEL OF THE YEAR 2020
A Multifaith Calendar Reflecting Eco-Egalitarian Spirituality
© 2019 Marija Miovski
www.WheeloftheYear.com